Selected Flora and Fungi of the Mid-Atlantic Region


Miscellaneous Flowering Plants   –   Orchids   –   Trees and Woody Shrubs   –   Non-native Species

[ Above categories grouped by family ]

Grasses, Sedges, Rushes   –   Ferns & Allies   –   Liverworts, Mosses, Hornworts   –   Fungi, Lichen

References   –   Taxa Translation Help


Miscellaneous Flowering Plants

Aniseroot (Longstyle Sweetroot) - Osmorhiza longistylis
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
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Beardtongue:  Pale Beardtongue - Penstemon pallidus
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
Beardtongue:  White Beardtongue (Foxglove Beardtongue) - Penstemon digitalis
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
______________________________
 
Beebalm:  Purple Bergamot - Monarda media
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Beebalm:  Scarlet Beebalm (Crimson Beebalm, Bergamot) - Monarda didyma
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Beebalm:  Wild Bergamot - Monarda fistulosa
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
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Beechdrops - Epifagus virginiana
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
Bellwort - Uvularia perfoliata
        [ Colchicaceae - Meadow Saffron family]
Black Cohosh (Common Black Cohosh, Bugbane) - Actaea racemosa (Cimicifuga racemosa)
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Blazing Star:  Scaly Blazing Star - Liatris squarrosa
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Bloodroot - Sanguinaria canadensis
        [ Papaveraceae - Poppy family]
Blue Cohosh (Common Blue Cohosh) - Caulophyllum thalictroides
        [ Berberidaceae - Barberry family ]
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Blue-eyed Grass:  Stout Blue-eyed Grass - Sisyrinchium angustifolium
        [ Iridaceae - Iris family ]
Blue-eyed Grass:  Needle-tip Blue-eyed-grass - Sisyrinchium mucronatum
        [ Iridaceae - Iris family ]
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Bluet:  Common Bluets (Azure Bluets) - Houstonia caerulea
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
Bluet:  Tiny Bluets - Houstonia pusilla
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
Bluet:  Woodland Bluets (Summer Bluets) - Houstonia purpurea
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
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Broad-leaved Arrowhead (Duck Potato) - Sagittaria latifolia
        [ Alismataceae - Water-plantain family ]
Buttercup:  Bristly Buttercup - Ranunculus hispidus
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Butterfly Pea (Spurred Butterfly Pea) - Centrosema virginianum
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Canada Burnet (American Burnet) - Sanguisorba canadensis
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis
        [ Campanulaceae - Bellflower family ]
Carolina Wild-petunia (Common Wild-petunia) - Ruellia caroliniensis
        [ Acanthaceae - Acanthus family ]
Cinquefoil:  Sulphur Cinquefoil (Rough-fruited Cinquefoil) - Potentilla recta
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family]
Coralberry - Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
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Corydalis:  Pale Corydalis (Rock Harlequin) - Capnoides sempervirens
        [ Fumariaceae - Fumitory family ]
Corydalis:  Yellow Corydalis (Yellow Fumewort, Yellow Harlequin) - Corydalis flavula
        [ Fumariaceae - Fumitory family ]
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Cow Parsnip - Heracleum maximum
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
Curlyheads - Clematis ochroleuca
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Dayflower:  Erect Dayflower (Slender Dayflower) - Commelina erecta
        [ Commelinaceae - Spiderwort family ]
Dittany (Wild Oregano, Stonemint) - Cunila origanoides
  [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Dodder:  Common Dodder - Cuscuta gronovii
        [ Convolvulaceae - Morning Glory family ]
Dogbane (Hemp Dogbane, Indian Hemp) - Apocynum cannabinum
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Dolls'-eyes (White Baneberry) - Actaea pachypoda
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Downy Agrimony - Agrimonia pubescens
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Dutchmans Breeches - Dicentra cucullaria
        [ Fumariaceae - Fumitory family ]
Dwarf Ginseng - Panax trifolius
        [ Araliaceae - Ginseng family ]
Dwarf Larkspur - Delphinium tricorne
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Eastern Shooting Star - Dodecatheon meadia
        [ Primulaceae - Primrose family ]
Elephant's-foot: Carolina Elephant's-foot - Elephantopus carolinianus
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Enchanter's Nightshade - Circaea canadensis
        [ Onagraceae - Evening-primrose family ]
Evening Primrose:  Common Evening Primrose (Common Evening-primrose) - Oenothera biennis
        [ Onagraceae - Evening-primrose family ]
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False Foxglove:  Purple False Foxglove - Agalinis purpurea
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
False Foxglove:  Downy Yellow False Foxglove - Aureolaria virginica
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
False Foxglove:  Entire-leaf False Foxglove - Aureolaria laevigata (A. levigata)
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
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False Hellebore (American False-hellebore, Indian Poke) - Veratrum viride
        [ Melanthiaceae - Bunchflower family ]
False Nettle - Boehmeria cylindrica
        [ Urticaceae - Nettle family ]
Field Milkwort (Purple Milkwort) - Polygala sanguinea
        [ Polygalaceae - Milkwort family ]
Floating Primrose-willow (Creeping Water-primrose) - Ludwigia peploides
        [ Onagraceae - Evening-primrose family ]
Flowering Raspberry (Purple-Flowering Raspberry) - Rubus odoratus
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Fly Poison - Amianthium muscaetoxicum
        [ Melanthiaceae - Bunchflower family ]
Fringed Loosestrife - Lysimachia ciliata
        [ Primulaceae - Primrose family ]
Galax - Galax urceolata
        [ Diapensiaceae - Diapensia family ]
Goat's Beard - Aruncus dioicus
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Harbinger-of-Spring (Pepper-and-salt) - Erigenia bulbosa
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
Heart-leaved Foamflower - Tiarella cordifolia
        [ Saxifragaceae - Saxifrage family ]
Hog Peanut - Amphicarpaea bracteata
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Honeysuckle: Northern Bush Honeysuckle - Diervilla lonicera
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
Horsebalm: Canada Horsebalm (Stoneroot) - Collinsonia canadensis
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Horse-gentian:  Lesser Horse-gentian (Yellow Horse-gentian) - Triosteum angustifolium
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
Horse-nettle (Carolina Horse-nettle) - Solanum carolinense
        [ Solanaceae - Nightshade family ]
Indian Cucumber-root - Medeola virginiana
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
Indian Pipe (Corpse Plant) - Monotropa uniflora
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Ironweed (New York Ironweed) - Vernonia noveboracensis
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Jack-in-the-pulpit - Arisaema triphyllum
        [ Araceae - Arum family ]
Jewelweed:  Orange Jewelweed (Spotted Jewelweed, Common Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-me-not) - Impatiens capensis
        [ Balsaminaceae - Touch-me-not family ]
Jewelweed:  Pale Jewelweed (Yellow Jewelweed, Touch-me-not) - Impatiens pallida
        [ Balsaminaceae - Touch-me-not family ]
Lespedeza:  Creeping Lespedeza - Lespedeza repens
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Lizard's Tail - Saururus cernuus
        [ Saururaceae - Lizard's-tail family ]
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Lobelia:  Great Blue Lobelia - Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica
        [ Campanulaceae - Bellflower family ]
Lobelia:  Pale-spike Lobelia - Lobelia spicata var. spicata
        [ Campanulaceae - Bellflower family ]
Lobelia:  Pale-spike Lobelia - Lobelia spicata var. scaposa
        [ Campanulaceae - Bellflower family ]
______________________________
 
Lyre-leaf Sage - Salvia lyrata
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Mayapple - Podophyllum peltatum
        [ Berberidaceae - Barberry family ]
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                 Milkweed
Milkweed:  Butterfly-weed - Asclepias tuberosa
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Green Milkweed - Asclepias viridiflora
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Poke Milkweed (Tall Milkweed) - Asclepias exaltata
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Purple Milkweed - Asclepias purpurascens
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  White Milkweed - Asclepias variegata
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
Milkweed:  Whorled Milkweed - Asclepias verticillata
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
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Mistflower (Blue Mistflower) - Conoclinium coelestinum
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Mistletoe:  American Mistletoe (Eastern Mistletoe) - Phoradendron leucarpum
        [ Santalaceae - Sandalwood family ]
Moneywort (Creeping Jenny) - Lysimachia nummularia
        [ Primulaceae - Primrose family ]
Monkeyflower:  Square-stemmed Monkeyflower (Allegheny Monkeyflower) - Mimulus ringens
  [ Phrymaceae - Lopseed family ]
Monkeyflower:  Winged Monkeyflower (Sharp-wing Monkeyflower) - Mimulus alatus
        [ Phrymaceae - Lopseed family ]
Mountain-mint:  Hoary Mountain-mint - Pycnanthemum incanum
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Mountain-mint:  Slender Mountain-mint (Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint) - Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Nodding Onion - Allium cernuum
        [ Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis family ]
Partridge-berry - Mitchella repens
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
Partridge-pea (Common Partridge-pea, Showy Partridge-pea) - Chamaecrista fasciculata
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Passionflower:  Purple Passionflower (Maypop) - Passiflora incarnata
        [ Passifloraceae - Passionflower family ]
Passionflower:  Yellow Passionflower - Passiflora lutea
        [ Passifloraceae - Passionflower family ]
Pennywort - Obolaria virginica
        [ Gentianaceae - Gentian family ]
Phlox:  Fall Phlox (Garden Phlox) - Phlox paniculata
        [ Polemoniaceae - Jacob's Ladder family ]
Phlox:  Wild Blue Phlox - Phlox divaricata
        [ Polemoniaceae - Jacob's Ladder family ]
Pickerelweed - Pontederia cordata
        [ Pontederiaceae - Pickerelweed family ]
Pinesap - Hypopitys monotropa
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Pink Wild Bean - Strophostyles umbellata
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Plantain:  American Plantain (Broad-leaved Plantain) - Plantago rugelii
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
Plantain:  Large-bracted Plantain (Bracted Plantain) - Plantago aristata
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
Poison Ivy - Toxicodendron radicans
        [ Anacardiaceae - Cashew family ]
Pokeweed (Inkberry, Common Pokeweed) - Phytolacca americana
        [ Phytolaccaceae - Pokeweed family ]
Prickly-pear:  Eastern Prickly-pear (cactus) - Opuntia humifusa
        [ Cactaceae - Cactus family ]
Pussytoes:  Plantain-leaved Pussytoes (Woman's Tobacco) - Antennaria plantaginifolia
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
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Ragwort:  Golden Ragwort (Golden Groundsel) - Packera aurea
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Ragwort:  Round-leaved Ragwort - Packera obovata
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
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Ramps (Wild Leek) - Allium tricoccum
        [ Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis family ]
Rattlesnake Weed - Hieracium venosum
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
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Rose:  Pasture Rose - Rosa carolina
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Rose:  Swamp Rose - Rosa palustris
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
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Rose-pink (Rose Pink) - Sabatia angularis
        [ Gentianaceae - Gentian family ]
Round-lobed Hepatica - Anemone americana (Hepatica americana, H. nobilis var. obtusa)
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Rue Anemone - Anemonella thalictroides
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Sandy-woods Chaffhead (Sandhill Chaffhead) - Carphephorus bellidifolius
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Saxifrage:  Early Saxifrage - Micranthes virginiensis
        [ Saxifragaceae - Saxifrage family ]
Saxifrage:  Golden Saxifrage (Water-mat, Water-carpet) - Chrysosplenium americanum
        [ Saxifragaceae - Saxifrage family ]
Seedbox (Alternate-leaved Seedbox) - Ludwigia alternifolia
        [ Onagraceae - Evening-primrose family ]
Self-heal (Heal-all) - Prunella vulgaris
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Senna:  American Senna (Northern Wild Senna) - Senna hebecarpa
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
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Skullcap:  Hairy Skullcap - Scutellaria elliptica
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Skullcap:  Hyssop Skullcap (Helmet Skullcap) - Scutellaria integrifolia
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Skullcap:  Showy Skullcap - Scutellaria serrata
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
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Skunk Cabbage (Eastern Skunk Cabbage) - Symplocarpus foetidus
        [ Araceae - Arum family ]
Spanish Moss - Tillandsia usneoides
        [ Bromeliaceae - Bromeliad / Pineapple family ]
Spring Beauty (Virginia Spring Beauty, Eastern Spring Beauty) - Claytonia virginica
        [ Montiaceae - Montia family ]
Squawroot (Bear Corn) - Conopholis americana
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
Squirrel corn - Dicentra canadensis
        [ Fumariaceae - Fumitory family ]
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Spiderwort:  Ohio Spiderwort - Tradescantia ohiensis
        [ Commelinaceae - Spiderwort family ]
Spiderwort:  Virginia Spiderwort - Tradescantia virginiana
        [ Commelinaceae - Spiderwort family ]
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St. Andrew's-cross - Hypericum hypericoides
        [ Hypericaceae - St. John's-wort family ]
St. John's-wort:  Golden St. John's-wort (Cedarglade St. John's-wort) - Hypericum frondosum
        [ Hypericaceae - St. John's-wort family ]
St. John's-wort:  Shrubby St. John's-wort - Hypericum prolificum
        [ Hypericaceae - St. John's-wort family ]
Star Chickweed - Stellaria pubera
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
Starry Campion - Silene stellata
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
Stonecrop:  Allegheny Stonecrop (Live-for-ever) - Hylotelephium telephioides
        [ Crassulaceae - Stonecrop family ]
Stonecrop:  Wild Stonecrop (Woodland Stonecrop) - Sedum ternatum
        [ Crassulaceae - Stonecrop family ]
Strawberry-bush (Heart's-a-bustin') - Euonymus americanus
        [ Celastraceae - Bittersweet family ]
Striped Wintergreen - Chimaphila maculata
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Sumac:  Smooth Sumac - Rhus glabra
        [ Anacardiaceae - Cashew family ]
Sumac:  Winged Sumac (Shining Sumac) - Rhus copallinum
        [ Anacardiaceae - Cashew family ]
Sundrops:   Narrow-leaf Sundrops (Southern Sundrops, Narrowleaf Evening Primrose) - Oenothera fruticosa
        [ Onagraceae - Evening-primrose family ]
Swamp Rose-mallow (Eastern Rose-mallow, Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow) - Hibiscus moscheutos
        [ Malvaceae - Mallow family ]
Swamp Water-pennywort - Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
        [ Araliaceae - Ginseng family - Ginseng family ]
Sweet Cicely - Osmorhiza claytonii
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
Thistle:  Pasture Thistle - Cirsium pumilum
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Tickseed Sunflower - Bidens aristosa
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
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Tick-trefoil:  Few-flowered Tick-trefoil - Hylodesmum pauciflorum (Desmodium pauciflorum)
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Tick-trefoil:  Hoary Tick-trefoil - Desmodium canescens
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Tick-trefoil:  Naked-flowered Tick-trefoil - Hylodesmum nudiflorum (Desmodium nudiflorum)
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
Tick-trefoil:  Narrow-leaf Tick-trefoil (Panicled-leaf Tick-trefoil) - Desmodium paniculatum
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
______________________________
 
Toothwort:  Cut-leaf Toothwort - Cardamine concatenata (Dentaria laciniata)
        [ Brassicaceae - Mustard family ]
Toothwort:  Slender Toothwort - Cardamine angustata (Dentaria heterophylla)
        [ Brassicaceae - Mustard family ]
______________________________
 
Trailing Arbutus - Epigaea repens
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
______________________________
 
                 Trillium
Trillium:  Large-flowered Trillium - Trillium grandiflorum
        [ Trilliaceae - Trillium family ]
Trillium:  Painted Trillium - Trillium undulatum
        [ Trilliaceae - Trillium family ]
Trillium:  Red Trillium (Wake-robin) - Trillium erectum
        [ Trilliaceae - Trillium family ]
Trillium:  Sessile Trillium (Toadshade) - Trillium sessile
        [ Trilliaceae - Trillium family ]
Trillium:  Yellow Trillium (Yellow Toadshade, Yellow Wake-robin, Lemon-scented Trillium) - Trillium luteum
        [ Trilliaceae - Trillium family ]
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Trout Lily:  Trout Lily, Yellow Trout Lily - Erythronium americanum
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
Trout Lily:  Dimpled Trout Lily - Erythronium umbilicatum
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
Trout Lily:  White Trout Lily - Erythronium albidum
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
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Trumpet-creeper (Trumpet Vine) - Campsis radicans
        [ Bignoniaceae - Bignonia family ]
Trumpet Honeysuckle (Coral Honeysuckle) - Lonicera sempervirens
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
Turk's-cap Lily - Lilium superbum
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
Turtlehead:  Pink Turtlehead (Lyon's Turtlehead) - Chelone lyonii
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
Turtlehead:  White Turtlehead - Chelone glabra
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
Twinleaf - Jeffersonia diphylla
        [ Berberidaceae - Barberry family ]
Venus' Looking Glass (Clasping Venus' Looking Glass) - Triodanis perfoliata
        [ Campanulaceae - Bellflower family ]
Vervain:  Blue Vervain (Common Vervain) - Verbena hastata
        [ Verbenaceae - Verbena family ]
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Violet:  Arrow-leaved Violet - Viola sagittata
        [ Violaceae - Violet family ]
Violet:  Smooth Yellow Violet - Viola pensylvanica (alternatively Viola pubescens Aiton var. scabriuscula)
        [ Violaceae - Violet family ]
Violet:  Wood Violet - Viola palmata
        [ Violaceae - Violet family ]
______________________________
 
Virginia Bluebell (Virginia Cowslip) - Mertensia virginica
        [ Boraginaceae - Borage family ]
Virginia Buttonweed - Diodia virginiana
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
Virginia Creeper - Parthenocissus quinquefolia
        [ Vitaceae - Grape family ]
Virginia Heartleaf - Hexastylis virginica (Asarum virginicum)
        [ Aristolochiaceae - Birthwort family ]
Water Stargrass - Heteranthera dubia
        [ Pontederiaceae - Pickerelweed family ]
Water-willow:  American Water-willow (Common Water-willow) - Justicia americana
        [ Acanthaceae - Acanthus family ]
White Avens - Geum canadense
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
White Snakeroot - Ageratina altissima
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Whorled Loosestrife - Lysimachia quadrifolia
        [ Primulaceae - Primrose family ]
Wild Basil - Clinopodium vulgare
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
Wild Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Wild Comfrey - Cynoglossum virginianum
        [ Boraginaceae - Borage family ]
Wild Geranium - Geranium maculatum
        [ Geraniaceae - Geranium family ]
Wild Ginger - Asarum canadense
        [ Aristolochiaceae - Birthwort family ]
Wild Pink - Silene caroliniana
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
Wild Potato-vine (Manroot, Man-of-the-Earth) - Ipomoea pandurata
        [ Convolvulaceae - Morning Glory family ]
Wild Sarsaparilla - Aralia nudicaulis
        [ Araliaceae - Ginseng family ]
Wild Yam - Dioscorea villosa
        [ Dioscoreaceae - Yam family ]
Wingstem - Verbesina alternifolia
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Wintergreen (Teaberry) - Gaultheria procumbens
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Wood Anemone - Anemone quinquefolia (var. quinquefolia)
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
Wood Betony (Lousewort) - Pedicularis canadensis
        [ Orobanchaceae - Broomrape family ]
Wood Lily - Lilium philadelphicum
        [ Liliaceae - Lily family ]
Wood Nettle - Laportea canadensis
        [ Urticaceae - Nettle family ]
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Wood Sorrel:  Violet Wood Sorrel - Oxalis violace
        [ Oxalidaceae - Wood-sorrel family ]
Wood Sorrel:  Yellow Wood Sorrel - Oxalis stricta
        [ Oxalidaceae - Wood-sorrel family ]
______________________________
 
Yarrow (Common Yarrow) - Achillea millefolium
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Yellow Crownsbeard - Verbesina occidentalis
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
Yellow Star Grass - Hypoxis hirsuta
        [ Hypoxidaceae - Stargrass family ]
Yellow Wild Indigo (Horsefly Weed) - Baptisia tinctoria
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
 
 

Orchid Family
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Cranefly Orchid - Tipularia discolor
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Downy Rattlesnake Plantain - Goodyera pubescens
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Lady's Slipper:  Large Yellow Lady's Slipper - Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Lady's Slipper:  Pink Lady's Slipper (Moccasin-flower) - Cypripedium acaule
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Large Purple Fringed Orchid - Platanthera grandiflora
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Large Twayblade (Lily-leaved Twayblade) - Liparis liliifolia
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Orange Fringed Orchid (Yellow Fringed Orchid) - Platanthera ciliaris
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Puttyroot - Aplectrum hyemale
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Ragged Fringed Orchid (Green Fringed Orchid) - Platanthera lacera
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Showy Orchis (Showy Orchid) - Galearis spectabilis (Orchis spectabilis)
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Slender Ladies'-tresses - Spiranthes lacera
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]
Small Green Wood Orchid - Platanthera clavellata
        [ Orchidaceae - Orchid family ]

Trees and Woody Shrubs
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Gymnosperms

______________________________
 
                 Cupressaceae - Cypress family
Baldcypress - Taxodium distichum
        [ Cupressaceae - Cypress family ]
Eastern Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana
        [ Cupressaceae - Cypress family ]
______________________________
 
                 Pinaceae - Pine family
Loblobby Pine - Pinus taeda
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
Longleaf Pine - Pinus palustris
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
Red Spruce - Picea rubens
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
Shortleaf Pine - Pinus echinata
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
Table Mountain Pine - Pinus pungens
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
Virginia Pine (Scrub Pine) - Pinus virginiana
        [ Pinaceae - Pine family ]
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Angiosperms

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                 Betulaceae - Birch family - Birch family
Hazel Alder (Smooth Alder) - Alnus serrulata
        [ Betulaceae - Birch family ]
Hazelnut:  American Hazelnut - Corylus americana
        [ Betulaceae - Birch family ]
Hornbeam:  American Hophornbeam (Hop-hornbeam) - Ostrya virginiana
        [ Betulaceae - Birch family ]
Hornbeam:  American Hornbeam (Ironwood, Musclewood) - Carpinus caroliniana
        [ Betulaceae - Birch family ]
Gray Birch - Betula populifolia
        [ Betulaceae - Birch family ]
______________________________
 
                 Ericaceae - Heath family
Blueberry:  Deerberry - Vaccinium stamineum
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Blueberry:  Early Lowbush Blueberry - Vaccinium pallidum
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Huckleberry:  Black Huckleberry - Gaylussacia baccata
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Mountain Laurel - Kalmia latifolia
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
Pink Azalea (Pinxter-flower) - Rhododendron periclymenoides (R. nudiflorum)
        [ Ericaceae - Heath family ]
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                 Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family - Legume family
Black Locust - Robinia pseudoacacia
        [ Fabaceae - Legume family ]
Eastern Redbud - Cercis canadensis
        [ Fabaceae - Legume family ]
Honey Locust - Gleditsia triacanthos
        [ Fabaceae - Legume family ]
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                 Fagaceae - Beech family
American Chestnut - Castanea dentata
        [ Fagaceae - Beech family ]
Allegheny Chinkapin - Castanea pumila
        [ Fagaceae - Beech family ]
Willow Oak - Quercus phellos
        [ Fagaceae - Beech family ]
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                 Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family
Magnolia:  Southern Magnolia - Magnolia grandiflora
        [ Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family ]
Magnolia:  Umbrella Tree Magnolia - Magnolia tripetala
        [ Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family ]
Tulip-tree (Tulip-poplar) - Liriodendron tulipifera
        [ Magnoliaceae - Magnolia family ]
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                 Sapindaceae - Soapberry family - Soapberry family, including Maple & Buckeye
Eastern Boxelder (Ash-leaved Maple) - Acer negundo
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
Mountain Maple - Acer spicatum
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
Red Maple - Acer rubrum
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
Silverleaf Maple - Acer saccharinum
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
Striped Maple - Acer pensylvanicum
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
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American Elm - Ulmus americana
        [ Ulmaceae - Elm family ]
American Holly - Ilex opaca
        [ Aquifoliaceae - Holly family ]
Bigtooth Aspen - Populus grandidentata
        [ Salicaceae ]
Blackhaw (Black Haw, Blackhaw Viburnum) - Viburnum prunifolium
        [ Adoxaceae - Moschatel family ]
Black Gum (Sour Gum, Black Tupelo) - Nyssa sylvatica
        [ Nyssaceae - Tupelo family ]
Black Walnut - Juglans nigra
        [ Juglandaceae - Walnut family ]
Bladdernut (American Bladdernut) - Staphylea trifolia
        [ Staphyleaceae - Bladdernut family ]
Buttonbush - Cephalanthus occidentalis
        [ Rubiaceae - Madder family ]
Common Hackberry - Celtis occidentalis
        [ Cannabaceae - Hops family ]
Devil's Walking Stick - Aralia spinosa
        [ Araliaceae - Ginseng family ]
Dogwood:  Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida
        [ Cornaceae - Dogwood family ]
Dogwood:  Gray Dogwood - Cornus racemosa
        [ Cornaceae - Dogwood family ]
Downy Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea
        [ Rosaceae - Rose family ]
Elderberry:  Common Elderberry - Sambucus canadensis
        [ Adoxaceae - Moschatel family ]
Fringetree - Chionanthus virginicus
        [ Oleaceae - Olive family ]
Hobblebush - Viburnum lantanoides
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
Maple-leaf Viburnum - Viburnum acerifolium
        [ Adoxaceae - Moschatel family ]
Pawpaw - Asimina triloba
        [ Annonaceae - Custard-apple family ]
Persimmon:  Common Persimmon (American Persimmon) - Diospyros virginiana
        [ Ebenaceae - Ebony family ]
Poison Sumac - Toxicodendron vernix
        [ Anacardiaceae - Cashew family ]
Sassafras - Sassafras albidum
        [ Lauraceae - Laurel family ]
Spicebush - Lindera benzoin
        [ Lauraceae - Laurel family ]
Sweetgum - Liquidambar styraciflua
        [ Altingiaceae - Sweetgum family ]
Sycamore (American Sycamore) - Platanus occidentalis
        [ Platanaceae - Planetree family ]
Witch Hazel - Hamamelis virginiana
        [ Hamamelidaceae - Witch Hazel family ]

* Species Not Native to the Mid-Atlantic Area
( *** - considered to be an invasive species )
==> back to top of page

*** Amur Honeysuckle - Lonicera maackii
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
*** Autumn Olive - Elaeagnus umbellata
        [ Elaeagnaceae - Silverberry / Oleaster / Russian Olive family ]
* Bittercress:  Hairy Bittercress - Cardamine hirsuta
        [ Brassicaceae - Mustard family ]
* Blackberry-lily - Iris domestica
        [ Iridaceae - Iris family ]
* Bladder Campion - Silene vulgaris
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
* Burdock:  Common Burdock (Lesser Burdock) - Arctium minus
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Chestnut:  Chinese Chestnut - Castanea mollissima
        [ Fagaceae - Beech family ]
* Chickory (Saccory) - Cichorium intybus
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
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                 Clover - Trifolium
* Clover:  Crimson Clover - Trifolium incarnatum
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
* Clover:  Low Hop Clover (Hop Trefoil) - Trifolium campestre
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
* Clover:  Rabbit-foot Clover - Trifolium arvense
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
* Red Clover - Trifolium pratense
        [ Fabaceae - Legume family ]
* White Clover (Dutch Clover) - Trifolium repens
        [ Fabaceae - Legume family ]
______________________________
 
*** Coltsfoot - Tussilago farfara
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Coreopsis: Plains Coreopsis (Golden Tickseed) - Coreopsis tinctoria
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Corn Gromwell (Field Gromwell) - Buglossoides arvensis (Lithospermum arvense)
        [ Boraginaceae - Borage family ]
*** Corydalis:  Incised Corydalis - Corydalis incisa
        [ Fumariaceae - Fumitory family ]
*** Crown Vetch - Securigera varia
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
* Dayflower:  Asiatic Dayflower (Creeping Dayflower) - Commelina communis
        [ Commelinaceae - Spiderwort family ]
* Deptford Pink (Grass Pink) - Dianthus armeria
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
*** Elm: Chinese Elm (Lacebark Elm) - Ulmus parvifolia
        [ Ulmaceae - Elm family ]
* Field Garlic (Onion Grass, Wild Onion) - Allium vineale
        [ Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis family ]
* Field Poppy (Long-headed Poppy) - Papaver dubium
        [ Papaveraceae - Poppy family ]
*** Garlic Mustard - Alliaria petiolata
        [ Brassicaceae - Mustard family ]
*** Japanese Barberry - Berberis thunbergii
        [ Berberidaceae - Barberry family ]
* Knapweed:  Spotted Knapweed - Centaurea stoebe
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Lespedeza:  Chinese Lespedeza - Lespedeza cuneata
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
*** Lesser Celandine - Ficaria verna (formerly Ranunculus ficaria)
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
* Mahonia: Chinese Mahonia (Leatherleaf Mahonia) - Berberis bealei
        [ Berberidaceae - Barberry family ]
*** Mile-a-minute Weed (Asiatic Tearthumb) - Persicaria perfoliata
        [ Polygonaceae - Smartweed family]
* Mimosa (Silk Tree) - Albizia julibrissin
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
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                 Lamiaceae - Mint family
*** Beefsteak Plant (Perilla) - Perilla frutescens
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
*** Bugleweed - Ajuga reptans
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
* Catnip (Catmint) - Nepeta cataria
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
*** Dead-nettle (Red Dead-nettle, Purple Dead-nettle) - Lamium purpureum
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
*** Gill-over-the-ground (Ground-ivy, Creeping Charlie) - Glechoma hederacea
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
*** Henbit (Henbit Dead-nettle) - Lamium amplexicaule
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
*** Yellow Archangel (Spotted Dead-nettle) - Lamium galeobdolon
        [ Lamiaceae - Mint family ]
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* Mullein:  Common Mullein (Great Mullein) - Verbascum thapsus
        [ Scrophulariaceae - Snapdragon family ]
* Mullein:  Moth Mullein - Verbascum blattaria
        [ Scrophulariaceae - Snapdragon family ]
* Northern Catalpa - Catalpa speciosa
        [ Bignoniaceae - Bignonia family ]
*** Norway Maple - Acer platanoides
        [ Sapindaceae - Soapberry family ]
*** Oriental Bittersweet - Celastrus orbiculatus
        [ Celastraceae - Bittersweet family ]
* Osage Orange (Hedge Apple, Bois-d'arc) - Maclura pomifera
        [ Moraceae - Mulberry family ]
* Ox-eye Daisy (Oxeye Daisy) - Leucanthemum vulgare (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Pagoda Tree (Japanese Pagoda Tree) - Styphnolobium japonicum
        [ Fabaceae - Legume (Pea) family ]
* Periwinkle (Common Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle) - Vinca minor
        [ Apocynaceae - Dogbane family ]
* Poison Hemlock - Conium maculatum
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
* Plantain:  English Plantain - Plantago lanceolata
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
*** Princess Tree (Royal Paulownia, Empress Tree) - Paulownia tomentosa
        [ Paulowniaceae - Paulownia family ]
* Purple Coneflower - Echinacea purpurea
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
* Purslane (Common Purslane, Garden Purslane) - Portulaca oleracea
        [ Portulacaceae - Purslane family ]
* Queen Anne's Lace (Wild Carrot) - Daucus carota
        [ Apiaceae - Carrot / Parsley family ]
* Scarlet Pimpernel (Poor Man's Weather-glass) - Anagallis arvensis
        [ Primulaceae - Primrose family ]
* Smartweed:  Bristly Lady's-thumb (Long-bristled Smartweed, Oriental Lady's-thumb) - Persicaria longiseta
        [ Polygonaceae - Smartweed family ]
* Soapwort (Bouncing Bet) - Saponaria officinalis
        [ Caryophyllaceae - Pink family ]
* Spanish Bluebell - Hyacinthoides hispanica
        [ Asparagaceae - Asparagus family ]
* Speedwell:  Bird's-eye Speedwell - Veronica persica
        [ Plantaginaceae - Plantain family ]
* St. John's-wort:  Common St. John's-wort - Hypericum perforatum
        [ Hypericaceae - St. John's-wort family ]
*** Star-of-Belthlehem (Drooping Star-of-Bethlehem) - Ornithogalum nutans
        [ Hyacinthaceae - Hyacinth family ]
*** Sweet Autumn Clematis (Japanese Clematis) - Clematis terniflora (C. paniculata)
        [ Ranunculaceae - Buttercup family ]
______________________________
 
* Teasel:  Cut-leaf Teasel - Dipsacus laciniatus
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
* Teasel:  Wild Teasel (Common Teasel) - Dipsacus fullonum
        [ Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle family ]
______________________________
 
* Thistle:  Musk Thistle (Nodding Thistle) - Carduus nutans
        [ Asteraceae - Aster / Sunflower family ]
*** Tree-of-heaven (Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus) - Ailanthus altissima
        [ Simaroubaceae - Quassia family]
* Viper's Bugloss (Blueweed) - Echium vulgare
        [ Boraginaceae - Borage family ]
* White Poplar (Silver Poplar) - Populus alba
        [ Salicaceae ]
* Winter Creeper (Climbing Euonymus) - Euonymus fortunei
        [ Celastraceae - Bittersweet family ]
* Winter Cress: Common Winter Cress (Yellow Rocket) - Barbarea vulgaris
        [ Brassicaceae - Mustard family ]

Miscellaneous Flowering Plants   –   Orchids   –   Trees and Woody Shrubs   –   Non-native Species

Grasses, Sedges, Rushes   –   Ferns & Allies   –   Liverworts, Mosses, Hornworts   –   Fungi, Lichen

References   –   Taxa Translation Help

All photographs and images are copyright © Janis Stone